The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008

    Title II of the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA) protects individuals against employment discrimination on the basis of genetic information. GINA covers employers with 15 or more employees, including state and local governments. It also applies to employment agencies, labor organizations, joint labor-management training and apprenticeship programs, and the federal government.

    Definition of Genetic Information

    Genetic information means:

    • Information about an individual's genetic tests;
    • Information about the genetic test of a family member;
    • Family medical history;
    • Requests for and receipt of genetic services by an individual or a family member; and
    • Genetic information about a fetus carried by an individual or family member or of an embryo legally held by an individual or family member using assisted reproductive technology.